The Origo Router Repair CD is available HERE.
It has all the firmware's (including the latest) on it. Thanks to Mugwump for this.
The latest firmware upgrade DOES work on 2MB routers.
The Class I Router Backup Utility is available from the Software section of the neolics website.
ASR-8000 & ASR-8100 - 1 x USB & 1 x Ethernet connection. You could use both ports with 2 machines (one with USB, one with Ethernet). The ASR-8000 model has no on/off switch nor any status lights for WAN and LAN.
ASR-8400 - 1 x USB & 4 x Ethernet ports for a LAN.
All models come with an ADSL Modem.
Yes, you can use the hub/switch facility of the router while you wait for your ADSL to be enabled. You can setup file and printer sharing. You do not need to have ADSL if you only wish to use the router as a 1 or 4 port switch.
Yes, the ASR-8400 comes with a 4-port hub built-in, allowing you to connect 4 devices. The ASR-8100 is a 1-port model.
Login to 10.0.0.2 using your browser, enter your router username and password. You now have access to the configuration settings.
When you establish a connection to the internet, you are normally assigned one IP address by your ISP. However, if you want more than one computer to use the internet concurrently and independently, and you don't wish to purchase static IP addresses from your ISP, NAT is your friend. NAT allows you to access the internet through two or more networked computers even though you only have one IP address that is assigned to you by your ISP. It also provides firewall-like protection because it hides your LAN from the internet.
The easiest method is to enable DHCP in your routers configuration settings and then make sure all the computers obtain an IP from the DHCP server automatically. Your router will automatically assign an IP for each machine in your network, within the range as specified in the configuration. If you wish to setup servers, or don't wish to use DHCP, you can assign static IP addresses such as 10.0.0.x within your subnet to each machine.
Click on START, RUN, type telnet 10.0.0.2 and press enter. You will be prompted for your password. For more info see http://www.routertech.org/kb.php?mode=article&k=34
A generic login exists that will work even if your ISP login refuses to allow you to login, or your ISP is off-line. Also if you are experiencing intermittent problems with your connection, it's good to check with this test login, the login bypasses your ISP totally.
The login is:
Username = bt_test@startup_domain
Password = (ignored)
If this authenticates, you can browse to a single site, www.bt.net/digitaldemo which currently consists of a single graphic image.
For people with static IP's or NON-NAT setups, depending on how you've configured your ADSL modem you may need to change other settings to browse to the website. Users with USB and PCI modems should have no problems.
The LINK light would be a solid green.
You don't need to, the router will automatically assign an IP for each machine within the range as specified in the routers configuration. However, if you wish to run servers and/or don't want a client to risk getting a new private IP address, you can assign the address manually. Remember to assign addresses within your IP-range and subnet.
The ASR/AWR range of routers do not have UPnP support and are unlikely to through official channels. However unofficial firmwares from 3rd parties such as Billion do support UPnP and can currently be installed successfully on non-wireless routers. See http://www.routertech.org/pages.php?page=18
Follow the instructions at http://www.routertech.org/pages.php?page=19
Follow the instructions at http://www.routertech.org/pages.php?page=20
If you manage to completely wipe off or corrupt the kernel, you may be able to recover the router using a USB Recovery boot disk. A reset is may also prove effective in some cases.
My router is not working properly, what should I do?
If it is not working, you can try and fix it by following the instructions at http://www.routertech.org/pages.php?page=20
To enable voice communications, make sure that outgoing TCP connections from port 6901 are enabled. Also enable UDP packets where either the source or the destination port is 6901.
To enable file transfers, enable both incoming and outgoing TCP connections to the 6891-6900 range of TCP ports. This allows each sender to perform up to 10 simultaneous file transfers. Note that if only TCP port 6891 is open, users are only able to perform one file transfer at a time.
To enable messaging, enable outgoing TCP connections to TCP port 1863.
Unfortunately no, but nice idea!
No, you need to either have a machine in your LAN with a shared printer attached to it, or purchase a Print Server.
Yes, you can use WS-FTP or any FTP client to connect to your router. Simply use 10.0.0.2 as the Host IP address, username: admin and your password (epicrouter by default).
That is because the router needs to sync. After that, it should be "always-on" unless a problem prevails at your exchange or your ISP or BT do some maintenance work, in which case you may need to switch the router off and back on again if your line drops or you get no data throughput.
Many routers have problems with this. The problem lies with NAT (Network Address Translation) and private network addressing. When computer A behind a NAT-enabled router tries to initiate a voice conversation with computer B on the internet, the private network address such as 10.0.0.6 of computer A is sent, instead of the actual WAN-side IP address (you are idenfied by this address from the internet, not your private IP). The router cannot translate from the private LAN address to the public WAN address due to the way MSN Messenger is made. So when the receiving computer B tries to respond to your request, it cannot communicate with 10.0.0.6 as this is for private networks only. Of course, if you try initiating voice conversations between two computers both inside a LAN, it will probably work (you may need to forward ports). This is because the private addresses are used between the two MSN Messenger clients (i.e. 10.0.0.5 talking to 10.0.0.6).
Windows 2K/XP: Start> Run> cmd> ipconfig /all
Windows 9x/ME: Start> Run> command> winipcfg
You need to power off the router from the plug for 30 seconds. This should save the settings to the flash memory.
This test returns SKIPPED if the host name can not be resolved to an IP address. The site http://www.conexant.com cannot be pinged, so it will always skip the test. There is nothing wrong with your router. However, if you wish, you can make a small change in the router so it can ping another host, such as http://www.google.com.
To do this either:
1. Connect to your router via FTP, locate the CONFIG.REG file, and change the two entries to "http://www.conexant.com" to another host such as "http://www.google.com", or whichever URL you wish to use. To find this, scroll down to [Class\Service\System] and carefully change:
You may need to save and reboot for the settings to take effect.
2. Use the backup utility (see here) to do it automatically. Make a backup of the config file. Put a pingable address in the 'Test address' box. Click on "Change the local folder files to use the test address". Then click on 'Restore' to transfer the config back to the router. The router should reboot automatically.
Then in either case, the next time you run a diagnostic test, it will ping the URL you have specified and it should return PASS.
Always make a backup of all the files stored in the routers flash memory before you make any changes.
This guide uses 8 public static IP addresses (i.e. xxx.xxx.xxx.160 onwards) and a subnet of 255.255.255.248 as an example.
Many thanks to Warfield Royal for this detailed guide (edited slightly).
Using a starting public static address of xxx.xxx.xxx.160, you have the following setup:
Network Address = xxx.xxx.xxx.160 (do not assign this address to equipment)
Broadcast Address = xxx.xxx.xxx.167 (do not assign this address to equipment)
Subnet Mask = 255.255.255.248
First usable address = xxx.xxx.xxx.161
Last usable address = xxx.xxx.xxx.166
If you are allocated 8 static IP addresses, 6 are usable but one of the 6 needs to be assigned to the router so you have 5 IP which can be assigned to clients.
Did your ISP specify an IP address for your router? It is convention that your router address is your last usable IP so Router Address = xxx.xxx.xxx.166.
I suggest you configure the ASR-8100 or ASR-8400 as follows:
Static IP settings
IP Address = 0.0.0.0
Subnet Mask = 0.0.0.0
Gateway = 0.0.0.0
These settings will cause the ASR-8400 to pick up the ISP assigned settings which should be Router Address = xxx.xxx.xxx.166. This assumes that your ISP provides this service.
IP Address = xxx.xxx.xxx.166 (so this is also the Router Address)
Subnet Mask = 255.255.255.248
NAT = Disable (because you want the clients on your network to use static public IP’s)
DHCP Server = Enable
DHCP address pool selection = User Defined
User Defined Start Address = xxx.xxx.xxx.161
User Defined End Address = xxx.xxx.xxx.165
DHCP Gateway Selection = User Defined
User Defined Gateway Address = xxx.xxx.xxx.166
User Mode = Multi-User
Configure as DHCP Server (do not configure as Relay)
The HTTP Server (configuration pages for the ASR-8400) needs to be set to xxx.xxx.xxx.166 on Port 80. If this needs to be changed then it must be done at the same time as the LAN Configuration is changed and before saving otherwise it will be necessary to factory reset the router to get access and start again.
DMZ = Disabled (maybe DMZ = Enabled 10.0.0.1 is a good idea but I don’t see any benefit as the ASR-8400 is being used as a router).
For the above DHCP arrangement to work you need to ensure that your client computers which are attached to the ASR-8400 are configured to receive their IP address automatically.
The above configuration will assign an IP address to a client by DHCP. The IP address will be in the range xxx.xxx.xxx.161 to xxx.xxx.xxx.165 with a subnet mask of 255.255.255.248 and gateway address of xxx.xxx.xxx.166. This means that each client can talk to each other directly on your local LAN and the local traffic will not pass through the ASR-8400. When a client requests an IP that is outside of your subnet the client will direct the request to the ASR-8400 (xxx.xxx.xxx.166) which is the gateway. The ASR-8400 will then route the request to the WAN interface which is where the Internet begins.
The above configuration is also good for the ASR-8100 router.
If you don’t want to use DHCP then disable DHCP and assign the appropriate settings to the clients on an individual basis.
IP Address = xxx.xxx.xxx.161 to xxx.xxx.xxx.165
Subnet Mask = 255.255.255.248
Default Gateway = xxx.xxx.xxx.166
Please note that with this configuration you do not have any firewall service. Each client is effectively connected directly to the Internet and all ports are open. This arrangement is very much the same as if you had purchased a simple home ADSL connection will a modem connection and a single IP.
My ASR-8100 connected service is basically using the same configuration as above but without DHCP.
This may be one way of achieving what you want but there are probably alternatives which may be better or worse depending on many factors.
Source: Warfield Royal
You must reset the router to its default username and password and then change it immediately. Use a paper clip and push it into the reset button at the rear of the router - hold it for 10 seconds. All settings will now be set to default.
To get your router to work effectively with AOL, it is recommended you do the following:
Thanks to various members on the forum for contributing to the AOL instructions. If you wish to find out more, visit the forum and do a search on AOL - you will find most combinations covered there.
Broadly speaking, Yes, these terms are used interchangeably. Setting up port forwarding is the same as setting up a virtual server. If someone asks you to "Setup the ports", they mean setup port forwarding/virtual servers. Ports refer to the actual data stream or "data pipe".
Try http://www.sambar.de/allgem/port_liste.htm. Also see your applications documentation and read the support section on the associated website.
Login to your router at http://10.0.0.2. Click on Advanced Setup, then Virtual Servers on the menu on the left. Now input your ports as required. Public & Private ports usually stay the same. Your Host IP address is the static address of your computer, i.e. 10.0.0.x which will be using the ports, NOT your ISP (WAN-side) IP address. Make sure you choose the right protocol for each port (TCP or UDP). As you add a port, click on Add this setting, your port will be immediately added (but not yet ready for use), You cannot enter ranges of ports, these need to be done separately, and you are limited to a no more than 20 virtual servers. Once you have added all your required ports, click on Save Settings / Reboot to save the settings. Wait for 1-2 minutes for the router to reboot and then check the Virtual Servers page to see if the settings have 'held'.
If the settings don't 'stick' then you may need to power off the router from the mains for 30 seconds, after clicking on 'Save & Reboot' and after seeing the router lights flash for a few seconds.
(The default address for the Virtual Server page is http://10.0.0.2/doc/setvs.htm)
At time of writing, this feature is not available or hasn't been correctly implemented. You must input all the ports between the range manually.
This is the IP address of the machine that is using the application or which hosts it (in case of servers). Be careful, do not put down the WAN-side IP address that is assigned to you by your ISP.
You need to use DMZ and point that to the appropriate machine on your LAN (i.e. IP address) that you want to use to open all ports. This is very dangerous as everything is open and you have no protection. Always use a software firewall.
It depends on the application, you need to read the documentation or support pages as they usually tell you. If not, try one or the other. Note that you may need to use both for some applications.
No. If the router has port x mapped to 2 different computers in your LAN, and it receives a data packet from the WAN interface (coming IN), how will it know where it should send it? Each port must only be forwarded to one machine.
Because your router, by default, will block all unrequested packets coming in from the internet to your LAN. If you setup a webserver for example, on a client machine within your LAN and don't forward port 80 to that machine, all requests from people on the internet to access your website would be blocked. Your router needs to be "notified" that it shouldn't block such requests (in this case, on port 80) because they are legitimate requests coming from people who wish to view your website. The way we notify it is by setting up a virtual server.
Essentially you are running a server. You need to forward the appropriate ports for the game, see the FAQ on Port Forwarding in this guide.
Setup your FTP server on a client machine within your LAN. Make a note of its static IP address (such as 10.0.0.x) and create a virtual server for port 21 (TCP) for your client host. Please see the Port Forwarding instructions in the appropriate section of this guide for detailed instructions on how to create a virtual server.
A router is normally quite secure because of the built in NAT. However there are a few things you should/can do to make it even more secure:
You may wish to do something about pings although this is not essential.
You can do an online scan at http://www.grc.com
If you wish to close the "protection" as provided by the router because you have having problems using an application, consider using DMZ.
Its the area between your trusted LAN and the untrusted internet (WAN). If you set your DMZ to a computer on your LAN, then it is completely open to the internet with absolutely no protection, so its dangerous. This is why, by default, you should always have your DMZ pointing to a non-existent IP in your LAN, such as 10.0.0.200. However, sometimes you might need to use DMZ and point it to a real computer on your LAN if you have problems using a particular application that needs to use the internet. This is, of course, unsafe and you MUST use a software firewall.
Note: Pointing the DMZ to a non-existent IP will normally enable the router to pass the ShieldsUp scan at GRC.com
The best method is to forward the port 23 (TCP only) to a non-existent IP, such as 10.0.0.200. If a user tries to telnet into your router from the internet, the request will be handled by this port forward setting, which will forward the request to the non-existent IP that you have used, so they won't be able to connect to the router directly. When you have setup the virtual server, save & reboot, including a power off from the plug for 30 seconds. If you wish to test it, use another internet account (the PAYG will be fine) and select Start | Run | type cmd (or command) | telnet <WAN side IP address of router> and press <Enter>. You shouldn't be able to connect - if you can, then anyone on the internet can do the same (assuming they know your password). Do not try and use the same internet account that supplies your broadband because you will be on the same network as the router and will always be able to telnet in.
The username is "admin" and the password is "epicrouter". Make sure you change it.
The firmware versions below have a built in firewall ("SPI")
126.96.36.199.broadnet and others
For the full list see http://www.routertech.org/pages.php?page=18
All other versions: This router has NO firewall with other versions of the firmware. It has features such as NAT that act to some extent, like a firewall, but it would be wrong to say it has a firewall as it may mislead people into thinking it has features such as packet inspection - which is a true firewall. The manual that comes with the router may state that router has a FreeBSD firewall as optional, but this is a slightly generic manual because it is a variant of the conexant routers. However, don't be alarmed, if you use the appropriate security settings, your computer will be stealth and hidden from any potential hackers.
Assuming you have the latest version of the firmware (see above), go to to http://10.0.0.2/doc/syslog.htm you should see any firewall log entries there.
To get the full range of firewall logs, you must tick all the boxes on these pages http://10.0.0.2/doc/fw_prot.htm, http://10.0.0.2/doc/fw_hack.htm and click on 'submit' (but there is no need to reboot the router)
A typical entry might be:
(where X represents a digit)
It is recommended that you do install a software firewall on ALL computers in your LAN. Your router (and the appropriate security settings that you have applied) will be good enough to protect you and your LAN from traffic coming IN from the internet WAN side (because the router filters out any packets that were not requested by a machine on your LAN). But what about traffic going out from your LAN to the internet? What if you accidentally get infected with a trojan virus and it tries to "call home" (i.e. issue contact with the source)? What about applications that try to send back information on its use, so called spyware? You will want to protect yourself from these. There are many firewalls available, but ZoneAlarm is free and easy to configure. Just make sure you add a trusted zone (an IP range such as 10.0.0.1 - 10.0.0.x, as dictated by your DHCP range (if you're using it) or individual IPs per computer so your machine can see other machines on your network. This is VERY important if you wish to, or use file sharing in your network.
To change the ADMIN password:
To change the USER password:
That would be crazy. If someone knew your IP address, they could use telnet or a browser and login with the default username & password and do everything you can do with it.
If you have HTTP access enabled (which it is by default) and you leave your password as it is then the answer is YES!
A user may be able to remotely connect to your router through ports 254 or 255, so it is recommended that you create virtual servers and forward these ports to a non-existing client (such as 10.0.0.200, within your subnet). You may also wish to block ports 21 and 23 in the same way to block FTP and telnet requests, as well as port 80 to block access to the web configuration.
Yes. To do this, you need to access the files stored in the router's flash memory. Use an FTP client and login to 10.0.0.2. The Origo image is stored in the IMAGES directory. The actual image is a simple bitmap, this is referenced from a HTML page called origo.htm. The path of this page is "/doc/origo.htm". It uses the line "<IMG SRC="/images/origo.bmp">" to reference the image. So if you change the name of the image, remember to change the HTML in "origo.htm".
VxWorks 5.4.2. For further details of this operating system, see http://www.windriver.com/products/vxworks5
The UK support forum for Origo products is at http://www.routertech.org
Software route (saves having to open up the router):
Use the facility in Neo's utility (see here)
You need to refer to the routers product code to establish this. This is located on a chip which you need to refer to by physically opening the router.
Once you've found a serial number, make a note of the last six digits and check below for the total capacity of your routers flash memory.
29LV32 > 4MB
29LV16 > 2MB
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